Full spectrum CBD, Broad-spectrum CBD, CBD isolate. There is a lot of jargon in the CBD industry and, if you don’t understand it at first blush, things can get a little confusing. Here is a simple Soulsome guide from our CBD 101 series to help you understand the basics behind the various types of CBD extraction methods and what to look out for when choosing a CBD oil that is right for you.
No matter how your CBD oil is extracted from the plant, the extraction process will deliver a few basic types of extraction: Full spectrum, broad spectrum and CBD isolate. Knowing which is which can make all the difference in the products you choose for your personal CBD regimen and, how you use them. If you have any doubt about whether CBD is the right choice for you, you may benefit from discussing CBD use with your healthcare practitioner.
Full Spectrum CBD
CBD is just one of the many cannabinoids that can be extracted from the Cannabis Sativa plant. The cannabis plant produces more than 100 different cannabinoids, including CBD, THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or Δ-9-THC), CBDV (cannabidivarin), CBG (cannabigerol), and THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin) to name only a few.
Products claiming to be “Full Spectrum CBD” are products that contain multiple cannabinoids, including the THC cannabinoid. Full spectrum CBD oils benefit from what is called “The Entourage Effect,” so named because the extraction process extracts all of the cannabinoids from the plant and, although these cannabinoids have their individual benefits, they also have a combined benefit of amplifying each other’s effects when ingested together. Full spectrum CBD means all of the cannabinoids working in natural harmony together for the best effect.
When selecting a product that contains full spectrum CBD oil one should always be aware that it will contain the THC cannabinoid. THC or, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol is the cannabinoid that has the most pronounced psychoactive effects–in short, it’s the one that gets you “high.” For folks who are concerned about not wanting to feel these psychoactive effects, it is important for them that their full spectrum CBD oil contains very low amounts of THC.
To ensure negligibly low amounts of THC in Soulsome, we only extract our CBD from hemp flowers. Using the hemp flower ensures that our full spectrum CBD oil contains less than the federally mandated 0.3% of THC. In our independent tests, we ascertained that the THC concentration of Soulsome was even lower than this amount in practice. Using hemp flowers and hemp seed oils to create Soulsome’s full-spectrum CBD oil also brings a host of healthful benefits to the mix like the abundant omegas 3, 6, and 9 of hemp seed oil combined with the full entourage effect of our premium, cold-pressed, raw flower CBD oil.
Broad-spectrum CBD products usually contain multiple cannabinoids along with CBD, but do not include THC. The THC is either excluded during the extraction process or eliminated after extraction using a secondary filtration and/or removal process. People who prefer to use broad-spectrum CBD may be concerned about THC showing up on a drug screen or uncomfortable with the possibility of feeling “fuzzy” or “high” from the THC content of their product.
In reality, this is a concern for many brands of full spectrum CBD which are extracted from cannabis, as some of these extractions can contain higher amounts of THC than one might like. Soulsome’s advantage is that we only extract our oils from raw hemp flowers, and mix our raw hemp CBD oil with organic hemp-seed oil. For a plant to qualify as “industrial hemp” it must have been selectively bred to ensure it has less than 0.3% THC content. That’s less than ⅓ of a percent of the total content of the plant. Hemp has been a legal, and staple US
crop for a long time, and hemp remains the source of many important textiles for clothing, ropes and mats, and even paper-making. How important has hemp been in the history of the United States? Well, the US constitution was written on paper made from hemp, that’s how much a part of our history hemp has been.
One limitation of broad-spectrum CBD is that by selectively removing elements of the cannabinoid mix, users may not derive the full benefit of the entourage effect from ingesting the complementary cannabinoids with their CBD oil. Soulsome’s solution to this has been to keep the THC content low enough to be negligible (and legal!) for the user but not low enough to completely discount any benefit that comes from the inclusion of this useful element in the entourage effect.
A product or CBD oil with the label “CBD isolate,” usually only contains one cannabinoid: CBD. During the extraction process manufacturers use chemical extraction methods like alcohol, butane, or CO2 to extract the plant oils and then secondary extraction and filtration processes to render the pure CBD compound free from any other cannabinoids or micronutrients. This means that the entourage effect is completely negated and that the user will only benefit from the action of the CBD compound on its own.
Each of these preparations of CBD has its uses, but for a more holistic, well-rounded CBD oil, we recommend Soulsome’s full-spectrum CBD oil with its careful preparation, and premium raw flower cold-press extraction method. Few CBD oils can offer the combined benefits of the Entourage effect as well as the healthful benefits of naturally occurring micronutrients found in our oils, such as omega 3, 6, and 9. Although there is scope for the use of broad-spectrum and isolated CBD oils, the real value seems to come from a full-spectrum option with a varied dose.